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Boehmite



Boehmite or Böhmite is an aluminium oxide hydroxide (γ-AlO(OH)) mineral, a component of the aluminium ore bauxite. It is dimorphous with diaspore. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic dipyramidal system and is typically massive in habit. It is white with tints of yellow, green, brown or red due to impurities. It has a vitreous to pearly luster, a Mohs hardness of 3 to 3.5 and a specific gravity of 3.00 to 3.07. It is colorless in thin section, optically biaxial positive with refractive indices of nα = 1.644 - 1.648, nβ = 1.654 - 1.657 and nγ = 1.661 - 1.668.

Additional recommended knowledge

Boehmite occurs in tropical laterites and bauxites developed on alumino-silicate bedrock. It also occurs as a hydrothermal alteration product of corundum and nepheline.

It was first described in 1927 and named for German geologist Johann Böhm (1857–1938).

References

  • Mineral Data Pub. The University of Arizona
  • Webmineral data
  • Mindat with location data
  • Steven Dutch, 2002, Lepidocrocite and Boehmite Structure, University of Wisconsin - Green Bay
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Boehmite". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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