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Boehmite or Böhmite is an aluminium oxide hydroxide (γ-AlO(OH)) mineral, a component of the aluminium ore bauxite. It is dimorphous with diaspore. It crystallizes in the orthorhombic dipyramidal system and is typically massive in habit. It is white with tints of yellow, green, brown or red due to impurities. It has a vitreous to pearly luster, a Mohs hardness of 3 to 3.5 and a specific gravity of 3.00 to 3.07. It is colorless in thin section, optically biaxial positive with refractive indices of nα = 1.644 - 1.648, nβ = 1.654 - 1.657 and nγ = 1.661 - 1.668.
Additional recommended knowledge
It was first described in 1927 and named for German geologist Johann Böhm (1857–1938).
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Boehmite". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|