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Bromellite



Bromellite
CategoryMineral
Chemical formulaBeO
(beryllium oxide)
Identification
ColorWhite, colorless
Crystal habitprismatic
Crystal systemHexagonal
Cleavage[1010] Distinct
Mohs Scale hardness9
LusterVitreous
Refractive index1.719, 1.733
PleochroismNone
StreakWhite
Specific gravity3.02
Melting point2570°C
DiaphaneityTransparent to translucent

Bromellite, whose name derives from the Swedish chemist Magnus von Bromell (1670-1731), is a white oxide mineral, found in complex pegmatitic manganese-iron deposits, but is more frequently made synthetically. This is a rare mineral to encounter in its natural state, but it has been made synthetically for over 40 years.

Additional recommended knowledge

Uses of bromellite

Bromellite, as a beryllium-containing mineral, has some uses. Industrially, natural specimens have the potential to be an ore of beryllium. It is one of the reagents that can be used in the manufacture of artificial emeralds. As an additive, bromellite confers high mechanical strength and very high thermal conductivity. In nuclear reactors, it is used as a moderator for fast neutrons. Ceramics containing bromellite are used in electronics, as well as crucibles for the melting of uranium and thorium. Bromellite, both natural and synthetic, is also used as a gemstone or as a collector's mineral. As a gemstone bromellite is extremely rare. To date there has been found only one crystal that is large enough to be cut. In 2000 Dunil Palitha Gunasekara of Ratnapura, Sri Lanka purchased a rough colorless 17.77-ct crystal from Ratnapura. He cut it into 15 pieces, of which 3 pieces with 2.80, 1.92 and 0.68 ct were sent to the GIA laboratory for further testing since he thought them to be Johachiodolite at first. These gemstones are the first reported examples of faceted gem-quality Bromellite.

References

  • R.V. Gaines et al, Dana's New Mineralogy, 8th edition, John Wiley & Sons, NY, 1997, p 211.
  • SFM and Sam Muhlmeister, Gems & Gemology, Volume 38, No 3, Fall 2002, pp 250-251.
  • WebMineral Listing
  • MinDat Listing
  • Dictionary of Mining, Mineral, and Related Terms
  • Gemmologist Murray Burford
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Bromellite". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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