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Buddingtonite is an ammonium feldspar with formula: NH4AlSi3O8 (note: some sources add 0.5H2O to the formula). It forms in hydrothermal areas by alteration of primary feldspar minerals. It is an indicator of possible gold and silver deposits, as they can become concentrated by hydrothermal processes. It crystallizes in the monoclinic crystal system and is colorless to white with a vitreous luster. Its structure is analogeous to that of high sanidine (KAlSi3O8). Buddingtonite has a hardness of 5.5 and a specific gravity of 2.32.
Additional recommended knowledge
Buddingtonite was discovered in 1964 at the Sulfur Bank mine near Clear Lake in Lake County, California (Erd et al., 1964). Clear Lake is at the north end of The Geysers geothermal area. It also occurs in the Tonopah, Nevada(Felzer et al., 1994) area and in hydrothermal areas in New Zealand(Yang et al., 2001) and Japan. It has also been reported from the sedimentary Phosphoria Formation in Idaho(Gulbrandsen, 1974), South Dakota(Solomon & Rossman, 1988), Wyoming, and Montana. It occurs in the oil shale deposit, near Proserpine, Queensland, Australia (Loughan, et al., 1983).
It was named for Arthur Francis Buddington (1890-1980), a petrologist at Princeton University.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Buddingtonite". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|