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Caesium hydroxide (CsOH) is a chemical compound consisting of an atom of caesium and a hydroxide group (also known as hydroxyl). It is a powerful base, much like other alkali metal hydroxides such as sodium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide. Caesium hydroxide can corrode glass.
Additional recommended knowledge
It is an anisotropic etchant of silicon, exposing octahedral planes. This technique can create pyramids and regularly-shaped etch pits for uses such as MEMS. It is known to have a higher selectivity to etch highly p-doped silicon than the more commonly used potassium hydroxide.
However, this compound is not usually used in experiments as the extraction of caesium is very expensive and the fact that it behaves very much like rubidium hydroxide and potassium hydroxide but reacts chemically stronger than they do.
Caesium hydroxide can be obtained by the following chemical equation:
The above reaction occurs explosively. Caesium metal will react with ice above -116 °C.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Caesium_hydroxide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|