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Camphoric acid, C10H16O4 or in Latin form Acidum camphoricum, is a white crystallisable substance obtained from the oxidation of camphor, it exists in three optically different forms; dextrorotatory one is obtained by the oxidation of dextrorotatory camphor and used in pharmaceuticals.
Additional recommended knowledge
Acidum camphoricum was studied and isolated for the first time by French pharmacist Nicolas Vauquelin in the early 1800s but it wasn't until September of 1874 that Dutch chemist Jacobus H. van 't Hoff proposed the first suggestion for its molecular structure and optical properties. In 1904 Finnish chemist Gustav Komppa became the first to succeed in manufacturing camphor from this acid.
Chemical properties and isolation
Camphoric acid may be prepared by oxidising camphor with nitric acid.
This acid has a mild camphor action; it is not very toxic and can be used in very large doses, up to 4 grammes (60 grains), without serious effects; it is supposed to paralyse the nerve-endings in the sweat glands, and is used in the night-sweats of phthisis. It does not affect other secretions as does atropine, nor irritate the stomach like agaric acid. Camphoric acid is also employed in solution, 0.2 to 5.0 percent by weight or volume, with sufficient alcohol, as a local antiseptic to the nose, throat, and bladder, among other uses, is usually administered as a powder, or in cachets, but may also be given in mixtures suspended with compound powder of tragacanth, or dissolved by the addition of diluted alcohol or a flavouring tincture. When used as an antihydrotic the dose should be given two or three hours before bedtime.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Camphoric_acid". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|