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Capillary length



In fluid mechanics, capillary length is a characteristic length scale for fluid subject to a body force from gravity and a surface force due to surface tension.

Additional recommended knowledge

The capillary length is defined as[1]:

\lambda_{c} = \sqrt{\frac{\gamma}{\rho g}},

where g is the acceleration due to gravity and ρ is the density of the fluid, and γ is the surface tension of the fluid-fluid interface.

For clean water at standard temperature and pressure, the capillary length is ~2mm.

A capillary surface that has a characteristic length smaller than the capillary length can be considered a low Bond number surface. A sessile drop whose largest dimension is smaller than the capillary length, for example, will take the shape of spherical cap, which is the solution to the Young-Laplace equation with gravity completely absent.

See also

References

  1. ^ G.K. Batchelor, 'An Introduction To Fluid Dynamics', Cambridge University Press (1967)
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Capillary_length". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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