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Additional recommended knowledge
Carbon-12 is of particular importance as it is used as the standard from which atomic masses of all nuclides are measured: its atomic mass is by definition 12.
Prior to 1959 both the IUPAP and IUPAC tended to use oxygen to define the mole, the chemists defining the mole as the number of atoms of oxygen which had mass 16 g, the physicists using a similar definition but with the oxygen-16 isotope only. The two organizations agreed in 1959/1960 to define the mole as:
This was adopted by the CIPM (International Committee for Weights and Measures) in 1967, and in 1971 it was adopted by the 14th CGPM (General Conference on Weights and Measures).
In 1980 the CIPM clarified the above definition, defining that the carbon-12 atoms are unbound and in their ground state.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Carbon-12". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.