My watch list  


Systematic (IUPAC) name
CAS number 77472–70–9
ATC code  ?
PubChem 132441
Chemical data
Formula C12H14N2O2 
Mol. mass 218.3 g/mol
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability ~100 %
Metabolism  ?
Half life 3-5 hours
Excretion  ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.


Legal status

Legal to import

Routes Oral

Carphedon (C12H14N2O2, 2-(4-phenyl-2-oxopyrrolidin-1-yl)acetamide) is a derivative of the nootropic drug piracetam. It was developed in Russia, and a small number of low-scale clinical studies have shown possible links between prescription of carphedon and improvement in a number of encephalopathic conditions, including lesions of cerebral blood pathways, and certain types of glioma. It is also claimed to increase physical stamina and provide improved tolerance to cold. As a result, it appears on the lists of banned substances issued by the World Anti-Doping Agency. This list is applicable in all Olympic sports. As of 27 February 2006, the most recent case of carphedon abuse by a professional athlete is that of Russian biathlon Olympic silver medalist Olga Pyleva in the 2006 Winter Olympics, who was disqualified from attending further events following a positive drug test. She was subsequently banned from competition for two years. It may be noteworthy that Pyleva claims that carphedon was an unlisted ingredient of a Russian medication she was prescribed by her personal doctor (not a team doctor).

While not widely available in the West, in Russia it is available as a prescription medicine under the brand name "Phenotropil". Packets of ten 100 mg pills are available for roughly 330 rubles (2006 price). It is typically prescribed as a general stimulant or to increase tolerance to cold and stress.

A former rider for Gerolsteiner, professional cyclist Danilo Hondo, tested positive to this banned substance in 2005.

See also

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Carphedon". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE