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Donnan potential

Donnan potential appears as a result of Donnan equilibrium, named after Frederick G. Donnan, which refers to the distribution of ion species between two ionic solutions separated by a semipermeable membrane or boundary. The boundary layer maintains an unequal distribution of ionic solute concentration by acting as a selective barrier to ionic diffusion. Some species of ions may pass through the barrier while others may not. The solutions may be gels or colloids as well as ionic liquids, and as such the phase boundary between gels or a gel and a liquid can also act as a selective barrier. Electric potential arises between two solutions is called Donnan potential

Donnan equilibrium is prominent in the triphasic model for articular cartilage proposed by Mow and Ratcliffe, as well as in electrochemical fuel cells and dialysis.

The Donnan effect is extra osmotic pressure attributable to cations (Na and K) attached to dissolved plasma proteins.

See also


  • IUPAC Compendium of Chemical Terminology 2nd Edition (1997)
  • Van C. Mow and Anthony Ratcliffe Basic Orthopedic Biomechanics, 2nd Ed. Lippincott-Raven Publishers, Philadelphia, 1997
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Donnan_potential". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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