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Electron transfer dissociation

Electron transfer dissociation (ETD) is a method to fragment ions in a mass spectrometer.[1][2] Similar to electron capture dissociation, ETD induces fragmentation of cations (e.g. peptides or proteins) by transferring electrons to them.

ETD fragmentation

ETD does not use free electrons but employs radical anions (e.g. anthracene or azobenzene) for this purpose:

[M + nH]^{n+} + A^- \to \bigg[ [M + nH]^{(n-1)+} \bigg]^* + A \to fragments.[3]

ETD cleaves randomly along the peptide backbone (so called c and z ions) while side chains and modifications such as phosphorylation are left intact. The technique only works well for higher charge state ions (z>2), however relative to collision-induced dissociation (CID), ETD is advantageous for the fragmentation of longer peptides or even entire proteins. This makes the technique important for top-down proteomics.

See also


  1. ^ Syka JE, Coon JJ, Schroeder MJ, Shabanowitz J, Hunt DF (2004). "Peptide and protein sequence analysis by electron transfer dissociation mass spectrometry". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 101 (26): 9528-33. doi:10.1073/pnas.0402700101. PMID 15210983.
  2. ^ Mikesh LM, Ueberheide B, Chi A, Coon JJ, Syka JE, Shabanowitz J, Hunt DF (2006). "The utility of ETD mass spectrometry in proteomic analysis". Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1764 (12): 1811-22. doi:10.1016/j.bbapap.2006.10.003. PMID 17118725.
  3. ^ McLuckey SA, Stephenson JL (1998). "Ion/ion chemistry of high-mass multiply charged ions". Mass spectrometry reviews 17 (6): 369-407. doi:<369::AID-MAS1>3.0.CO;2-J 10.1002/(SICI)1098-2787(1998)17:6<369::AID-MAS1>3.0.CO;2-J. PMID 10360331.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Electron_transfer_dissociation". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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