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Entrainment (hydrodynamics)

See entrainment for other types.

Entrainment is the movement of one fluid by another.

One fluid moving in another can push or pull the other along with it. Eductors or eductor-jet pumps are an excellent example. They are used onboard navy ships to pump flooded out compartments in the event of an accident. Seawater is pumped to the eductor and forced through a jet. Any fluid at the inlet of the eductor is carried along to the outlet and up and out of the compartment. Eductors can pump out whatever can flow through them, including water, oil, and small pieces of wood. Another example is the pump-jet, which is used for marine propulsion. Jet pumps are also used to circulate reactor coolant in several designs of boiling water reactors (BWRs).

In power generation, this phenomena is used in steam jet air ejectors to maintain condenser vacuum by removing non-condensible gases from condenser.

Entrainment due to laminar velocity shear or turbulent diffusion of momentum is also important in laminar and turbulent jets and plumes.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Entrainment_(hydrodynamics)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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