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Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide



Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide
IUPAC name Ethane-1,2-diamine dihydroiodide
Other names Jodethamine
Hydrodine
Identifiers
Abbreviations EDDI
CAS number 5700-49-2
PubChem 21921
SMILES NCCN.I.I
Properties
Molecular formula C2H10I2N2
Molar mass 315.92314
Appearance Colorless to light yellow crystalline powder
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Ethylenediamine dihydroiodide (EDDI) is a water-soluble salt of ethylenediamine and hydrogen iodide. It is a colorless to light yellow crystalline powder. Its chemical formula is C2H6N2.2HI. It is nonflammable, but iodine may be released during a fire.

Additional recommended knowledge

EDDI is used as a pet food additive and cattle feed additive with high bioavailability. It is used to prevent iodine deficiency. The United States Food and Drug Administration suggests a limit of intake to 50 mg/head/day.[1] Although EDDI is generally recognized as safe (GRAS) only as a nutrient source of iodine, administration of EDDI also has preventative effects on foot rot in cattle.[2]

EDDI may react with sulfates and release free iodine.[citation needed] Other iodine supplements in animal feed are calcium iodate (most stable) and potassium iodide (most water-soluble, least stable).

References

  1. ^ The Elimination of Iodine Deficiency Disorders, A Resource Package for Central and Eastern Europe, the Commonwealth of Independent States and Baltic States
  2. ^ Berg JN, Maas JP, Paterson JA, Krause GF, Davis LE (1984). "Efficacy of ethylenediamine dihydriodide as an agent to prevent experimentally induced bovine foot rot". Am. J. Vet. Res. 45 (6): 1073–8. PMID 6146277.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ethylenediamine_dihydroiodide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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