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Formamide, also known as methanamide, is an amide derived from formic acid. It is a clear liquid which is miscible with water and has an ammonia-like odor. It is used primarily for manufacturing sulfa drugs and synthesizing vitamins and as a softener for paper and fiber. In its pure form, it dissolves many ionic compounds that are insoluble in water, so it is also used as a solvent.
Additional recommended knowledge
Formamide is also a constituent of cryoprotectant vitrification mixtures used for cryopreservation of tissues and organs.
Formamide is also used as an RNA stabiliser in gel electrophoresis by deionizing RNA.
Another use is to add it in sol-gel solutions in order to avoid cracking during sintering.
Formamide, in its pure state, has been used as an alternative solvent for the electrostatic self-assembly of polymer nanofilms.
The reaction of formic acid with ammonia produces ammonium formate, which can then be turned into formamide by heating:
Categories: Amides | Amide solvents
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Formamide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|