George Church (1954- ) is an American molecular geneticist. He is currently Professor of Genetics  at Harvard Medical School and Professor of Health Sciences & Technology  at Harvard and MIT. With Walter Gilbert he developed the first direct genomic sequencing method in 1984 and helped initiate the Human Genome Project in 1984  while he was a Research Scientist at newly-formed Biogen Inc. He invented the broadly-applied concepts of molecular multiplexing and tags, homologous recombination methods , and DNA array synthesizers. Technology transfer of automated sequencing & software to Genome Therapeutics Corp. resulted in the first commercial genome sequence, (the human pathogen, Helicobacter pylori) in 1994 . He initiated the Personal Genome Project (PGP)  in 2005 and research on synthetic biology. He is director of the U.S. Department of Energy Center on Bioenergy at Harvard & MIT  and director of the National Institutes of Health (NHGRI) Center of Excellence in Genomic Science at Harvard, MIT & Washington University . He has been advisor to 22 companies, most recently co-founding (with Joseph Jacobson, Jay Keasling, and Drew Endy) Codon Devices, a biotech startup dedicated to synthetic biology and (with Chris Somerville) founding LS9, which is focused on biofuels . He is a senior editor for Nature EMBO Molecular Systems Biology.
^ Church GM, Gilbert W (1984). "Genomic Sequencing". Proc Nat Acad Sci USA81: 1991-5. PMID 6326095.
^ Cook-Deegan RM (1989). "The Alta summit, December 1984". Genomics5: 661-3. PMID 2613249.
^ Church GM, Kieffer-Higgins S. (1984). "Multiplex Sequencing". Science240: 185-8. PMID 3353714.
^ Link AJ, Phillips D, Church GM (1997). "Methods for generating precise deletions and insertions in the genome of wild-type Escherichia coli: application to open reading frame characterization". J Bacteriol.179: 6228-37. PMID 9335267.
^ (1996) "Capitalizing on the genome". Nature Genetics13: 1. PMID 8673083.
^ Church GM (2005). "The personal genome project". Mol Syst Biol.1: 0030. PMID 16729065.