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Gymnopilus purpuratus



Gymnopilus purpuratus

Gymnopilus purpuratus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Homobasidiomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Cortinariaceae
Genus: Gymnopilus
Species: G. purpuratus
Binomial name
Gymnopilus purpuratus
(Cooke & Massee) Singer
Gymnopilus purpuratus
mycological characteristics:
 
gills on hymenium
 

cap is convex

 

hymenium is adnexed

 

stipe has a ring

 

ecology is saprotrophic

 

edibility: psychoactive

Gymnopilus purpuratus is mushroom which grows in clusters on dead wood, pig dung and wood chip mulch. It is widely distributed and has been recorded in Argentina, Australia, Chili, the UK and Germany. It has a rusty orange spore print and contains the hallucinogen psilocybin.

Additional recommended knowledge

A chemical analysis done by Jochen Gartz found that this species contains 0.34% psilocybin, 0.29% psilocin and 0.05 baeocystin. [1]

Description

The cap ranges from 1.5 to 6 cm across, is convex to obtuse, and is reddish brown with a dry scaly surface which is sometimes cracked in age. The stem is brown-red and covered by fibers and has blue-green spots where the stem is damaged. The gills are crowded, yellow to orange, and adnexed. The stem is dusted with rusty orange spores and has a cottony scanty partial veil.


 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Gymnopilus_purpuratus". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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