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Psilocybe villarrealiae



Psilocybe villarrealiae

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Homobasidiomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Strophariaceae
Genus: Psilocybe
Species: P. villarrealiae
Binomial name
Psilocybe villarrealiae
Guzman
Psilocybe villarrealiae
mycological characteristics:
 
gills on hymenium
 
 

cap is conical or convex

 
 

hymenium is adnate or sinuate

 

stipe is bare

 

spore print is purple-brown

 

ecology is saprophytic

 

edibility: psychoactive

Psilocybe villarrealiae is a psilocybin mushroom which has psilocybin and psilocin as main active compounds.

Additional recommended knowledge

Description

  • Cap: 2-12 cm diameter, at first subconical to campanulate, expanding to convex, or plane in age, often with wavy margin. The cap color starts out tan to walnut brown and fades to yellow-brown as they age, finally turning black. Cap surface hygrophanous, fading to tan as it dries. The cap is sometimes translucent-striate near the margin, often with an umbo. Usually staining blue or black in age.
  • Gills: Cream color when young, violet brown in age, with subsinuate or adnate attachment.
  • Spores: Dark violet brown, oblong to ellipsoid or subrhomboid, thin walled, 7 x 4 um.
  • Stipe: Central, equal, flexuous, and cylindric, 3 to 12 cm long, 3 to 7 mm thick. Reddish brown fading to grey-yellow and finally dark, ornamented with floccose mycelium especially the bottom half, bruising blue-green in the upper part of the stem. Partial veil is white and arachnoid, disappearing in age.
  • Taste: Farinaceous.
  • Odor: Farinaceous.
  • Microscopic features:

Distribution and habitat

Grows solitary or gregariously in groups, often forming cespitose clusters. Found growing directly from the ground in muddy soil in pine and oak woods and subtropical forests, usually near small creeks and ravines. Known only from Jalisco, Mexico.




 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Psilocybe_villarrealiae". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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