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Psilocybe australiana



 

Psilocybe australiana

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Homobasidiomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Strophariaceae
Genus: Psilocybe
Species: P. australiana
Binomial name
Psilocybe Australiana
Gaston Guzman
Psilocybe australiana
mycological characteristics:
 
gills on hymenium
 
 

cap is convex or flat

 
 

hymenium is adnate or adnexed

 

stipe is bare

 

ecology is saprophytic

 

edibility: psychoactive

Additional recommended knowledge

Psilocybe australiana is a species of psychoactive mushroom found in Victoria, New South Wales, Western Australia, Tasmania and New Zealand. Commonly found growing on Eucalyptus and pine mulch,[1] as well as on soil with wood or leafy debris, on tracks and roadsides, in Pinus radiata plantations, or in temperate rain forests.[2] The mushroom was originally discovered by Gaston Guzman and Roy Watling.[3] Further research by New Zealand mycologist Peter Buchanan has shown Psilocybe australiana to be a variant of Psilocybe subaeruginosa[1]

Commonly it is large umbonated mushroom with a sharp nipple, orangy brown hydrophanous cap, often with a margin flecked with white veil remnants and strongly visible radial lines. The stem is a strong white with a consistent radius, chestnust brown when the flesh is broken. The gills are very crowded, whitish brown soon dark chocolate brown and ascending towards the stem. Cap and stem often spotted with dark blue stains, and flesh quickly stains bluish/black upon damage. (left image)[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c Bluemeanie. Sharman Australis.
  2. ^ Magic Mushrooms of Australia and New Zealand (pg. 6). Erowid Online Texts.
  3. ^ Dr. Gaston Guzman. Stainblue.com.

Further reading

  • The genus Psilocybe (Agaricales) in New Zealand, Peter R. Johnston and Peter K Buchanan, New Zealand Journal of Botany, 1995, Vol. 33: 379-388.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Psilocybe_australiana". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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