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Haplogroup L3 (mtDNA)

Haplogroup L3
Time of origin 80000 years ago
Place of origin Africa
Ancestral haplogroup L2
Descendant haplogroups L3a, L3b, L3c, L3d, L3e, L3f, M, N
Defining mutations 73, 7028, 10873, 11719, 12705, 14766, 16223

In human genetics, Haplogroup L3 is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

Haplogroup L3 is confined to Africa and emigrant African populations. It is most common in East Africa.

However, L3 is also the haplogroup from which the macro-haplogroups M and N are believed to have arisen. These two haplogroups are ancestral to all haplogroups outside Africa, and are believed to represent the initial migration by modern humans out of Africa.


    See also

    • Human mitochondrial genetics

    Human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups

      most recent common mt-ancestor    
    L0   L1  
    L2 L3   L4 L5 L6 L7
      M N  
    CZ D E G Q   A I O   R   S W X Y
    C Z B F pre-HV   pre-JT P  UK
    HV JT U K
    H V J T
    This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Haplogroup_L3_(mtDNA)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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