My watch list  

Haplogroup M (mtDNA)

In human genetics, Haplogroup M is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup.

An enormous haplogroup spanning many continents, the macro-haplogroup M is a branch of the African haplogroup L3, and is believed to have originated in Africa some 60 to 80,000 years before present.

The two haplogroups M and N are believed to represent the initial migration of modern humans out of Africa. Haplogroup M in particular represents the dispersal of modern humans into the Middle East and South Asia some 60 to 80,000 years ago along the southern Asian coastline.

Among the subgroups of M are M1, C, D, E, G, Q, and Z.

Owing to its great age, haplogroup M is one of those mtDNA lineages which does not correspond well to present-day racial groups, as it spans Siberian, East Asian, Southeast Asian, Central Asian, South Asian, Melanesian as well as Ethiopian, Caucasian, and various Middle Eastern groups in lesser frequency.


    See also

    Human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups

      most recent common mt-ancestor    
    L0   L1  
    L2 L3   L4 L5 L6 L7
      M N  
    CZ D E G Q   A I O   R   S W X Y
    C Z B F pre-HV   pre-JT P  UK
    HV JT U K
    H V J T
    This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Haplogroup_M_(mtDNA)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
    Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE