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Hexane (data page)



This page provides supplementary chemical data on n-hexane.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Material Safety Data Sheet

The handling of this chemical may incur notable safety precautions. It is highly recommend that you seek the Material Safety Datasheet (MSDS) for this chemical from a reliable source such as SIRI, and follow its directions. MSDS is available at Fisher Scientific.

Structure and properties

Structure and properties
Index of refraction, nD 1.3749 at 20°C
Abbe number ?
Dielectric constant, εr 1.890 ε0 at 20 °C
Bond strength  ?
Bond length  ?
Bond angle  ?
Magnetic susceptibility  ?
Surface tension[1] 20.5 dyn/cm at 0°C
18.4 dyn/cm at 20°C
13.4 dyn/cm at 68°C
Viscosity[2] 0.4012 mPa·s at 0°C
0.3258 mPa·s at 20°C
0.2798 mPa·s at 40°C
0.2288 mPa·s at 80°C

Thermodynamic properties

Phase behavior
Triple point 178.0 K (–95.1 °C), ? Pa
Critical point 507.6 K (234.5 °C), 3020 Pa
Std enthalpy change
of fusion
, ΔfusHo
13 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of fusion, ΔfusSo
70 J/(mol·K)
Std enthalpy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapHo
28.85 kJ/mol at 68.8°C
Std entropy change
of vaporization, ΔvapSo
 ? J/(mol·K)
Solid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHosolid
 ? kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sosolid
 ? J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp  ? J/(mol K)
Liquid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHoliquid
–198.7 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Soliquid
295 J/(mol K)
Enthalpy of combustion, ΔcHo –4163 kJ/mol
Heat capacity, cp 197.66 J/(mol K)
Gas properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHogas
–167.2 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sogas
388.82 J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp 142.6 J/(mol K) at 25°C
van der Waals' constants[3] a = 2471 L2 kPa/mol2
b = 0.1735 liter per mole

Vapor pressure of liquid

P in mm Hg 1 10 40 100 400 760 1520 3800 7600 15200 30400 45600
T in °C –53.9 –25.0 –2.3 15.8 49.6 68.7 93.0 131.7 166.6 209.4  —  —

Table data obtained from CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics 44th ed.

 

Distillation data

Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium
of n-Hexane/Ethanol
[5]
P = 760 mm Hg
BP
Temp.
°C
% by mole ethanol
liquid vapor
76.0 99.0 90.5
73.2 98.0 80.7
67.4 94.0 63.5
65.9 92.0 58.0
61.8 84.8 46.8
59.4 75.5 39.5
58.7 66.7 37.0
58.35 54.8 36.0
58.1 41.2 35.0
58.0 33.0 34.0
58.25 27.5 33.0
58.45 23.5 32.5
59.15 10.2 29.0
60.2 4.5 25.5
63.5 1.0 16.0
66.7 0.6 6.5
   
Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium
of n-Hexane/Methanol
[5]
P = 760 mm Hg
BP
Temp.
°C
% by mole methanol
liquid vapor
56.9 1.0 30.0
51.3 2.2 41.8
51.2 4.0 43.9
50.5 9.5 47.7
49.9 17.5 49.1
50.0 28.3 49.6
49.9 40.5 49.7
49.0 52.5 50.2
49.9 70.4 50.0
49.9 72.4 50.0
50.2 84.6 51.6
50.1 85.4 51.6
50.2 87.5 51.5
51.4 90.6 55.0
51.2 90.6 55.1
51.7 92.2 56.0
51.6 92.3 56.0
52.8 94.9 61.2
53.8 95.7 63.5
54.7 96.5 66.4
55.8 96.5 69.5
55.6 96.8 69.4
58.2 97.7 76.8
57.9 97.8 75.5
63.0 99.3 93.5
63.5 99.55 95.0
   
Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium
of n-Hexane/n-Heptane
[5]
P = 101.0 kPa
BP
Temp.
°C
% by mole hexane
liquid vapor
98.32 0.00 0.00
96.30 3.83 8.52
94.03 9.64 19.86
92.35 13.63 27.31
90.37 19.04 36.00
88.26 24.59 44.07
85.96 31.46 52.58
83.22 39.53 62.36
82.41 43.21 65.34
80.80 48.53 70.30
79.78 51.23 72.70
78.79 55.71 76.22
77.12 61.87 80.74
75.57 68.24 84.95
74.98 70.12 86.15
73.51 76.79 89.93
81.40 81.60 92.40
70.59 89.91 96.37
68.66 100.00 100.00


Spectral data

UV-Vis
λmax  ? nm
Extinction coefficient, ε  ?
IR
Major absorption bands  ? cm−1
NMR
Proton NMR  
Carbon-13 NMR  
Other NMR data  
MS
Masses of
main fragments
 

References

  1. ^ Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 10th ed, pp 1661-1663
  2. ^ Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 10th ed, pp 1669-1674
  3. ^ Lange's Handbook of Chemistry 10th ed, pp 1522-1524
  4. ^ Pure Component Properties (Queriable database). Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved on 25 May 2007.
  5. ^ a b c Binary Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data. Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved on 25 May 2007.
  • NIST Standard Reference Database.

Except where noted otherwise, data relate to standard ambient temperature and pressure.

Disclaimer applies.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hexane_(data_page)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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