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Hordenine



Hordenine
IUPAC name 4-(2-dimethylaminoethyl)phenol
Other names N,N-Dimethyltyramine
Peyocactin
Identifiers
CAS number 3595-05-9
PubChem 68313
SMILES CN(C)CCC1=CC=C(C=C1)O
Properties
Molecular formula C10H15NO
Molar mass 165.23 g mol-1
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Hordenine (N,N-dimethyltyramine) is a phenylethylamine alkaloid with antibacterial and antibiotic properties. It stimulates the release of norepinephrine in higher animals. It is produced in nature by several varieties of plants in the family Cactaceae and by some in Acacia.[1]

Additional recommended knowledge

Occurrence in nature

Peyote (Lophophora williamsii), San Pedro cactus (Trichocereus pachanoi), and Peruvian Torch cactus (Trichocereus peruvianus) all produce high levels of this compound. These cacti also produce high levels of mescaline and other phenylethylamine compounds.

Cacti in the genus Ariocarpus, Opuntia, Pereskia, and Coryphantha also produce these alkaloids, though not in high concentrations.

Aztekium also contains it.

". . .it has been shown that hordenine, N, N-Dimethyl-hydroxyphenylethylamine, exhibits an inhibitory action against at least 18 strains of penicillin resistant Staphylococcus bacteria."[2]

References

  1. ^ www.csdl.tamu.edu
  2. ^ www.phytomedical.com
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hordenine". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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