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Insulin pen



 

An insulin pen is an insulin injection system for the treatment of diabetes. A pen is comprised of disposable needles, a vial of insulin, and a "pen."

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Types of pens

A number of companies make insulin pens including Novo Nordisk, Aventis and Eli Lilly. These companies produce pens for most of their insulins, including novolog, humalog (also known as insulin lispro), levemir and lantus.

There are two pen systems: replaceable cartridge and prefilled.

  • A replaceable cartridge pen reuses the pen portion. When the insulin is empty, the vial is replaced by inserting a new one.
  • A prefilled pen is entirely disposable. When the insulin is gone, the entire unit is discarded.

Use

One significant advantage of pens is their ease of use. To use a pen:

  • Screw on a new needle
  • If necessary, prime the pen to remove any air from the needle
  • Turn the knob on the end of the pen (or "dial") to the number of units needed
  • Insert the needle into the skin
  • Press the button on the end of the pen to deliver the dose
  • Count to five
  • Remove

Advantages

Insulin pens have a number of advantages:

  • More convenient than traditional vial and syringe
  • Repeatedly more accurate dosages
  • Easier to use for those with visual or fine motor skills impairments
  • Less injection pain (as polished and coated needles are not dulled by insertion into a vial of insulin before a second insertion into the skin)

Disadvantages

Unlike the traditional syringe, pens are usually restricted to full or half unit dosing. You are also not able to mix two different insulins in the same pen.[1] In addition, insurance coverage for insulin pens in the United States may vary widely.

References

  1. ^ http://www.paralumun.com/diabetespen.htm

See also

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Insulin_pen". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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