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Jacob David Bekenstein (born May 1, 1947) is a physicist who has contributed to the foundation of black hole thermodynamics and to other aspects of the connections between information and gravitation. He was born in Mexico City, Mexico. He is Polak Professor of Theoretical Physics at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, a member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities and of The World Jewish Academy of Sciences, and a recipient of the Rothschild Prize in Physics and of the Israel National Prize.
Additional recommended knowledge
Bekenstein received his undergraduate education in the Polytechnic University in Brooklyn, New York. He received his PhD from Princeton University in 1972, supervised by John Wheeler.
Major contributions to physics
In 1972, Bekenstein was the first to suggest that black holes should have a well-defined entropy. Bekenstein also formulated the generalized second law of thermodynamics black hole thermodynamics for systems including black holes. Both contributions were affirmed when Stephen Hawking proposed the existence of Hawking radiation two years later.
Based on his black-hole thermodynamics work, Bekenstein also demonstrated the remarkable fact that there is a maximum to the amount of information that can potentially be stored in a given volume, and that this maximum is proportional to the area that bounds this volume and not to the volume itself (related to the holographic principle).
In 1982, Bekenstein was the first person to develop a rigorous framework to generalize the laws of electromagnetism to handle inconstant physical constants. His framework replaces the fine structure constant by a scalar field. However, this framework for changing constants did not incorporate gravity.
In 2004, Bekenstein greatly boosted Mordehai Milgrom's theory of Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) by developing a relativistic version. It is known as TeVeS for Tensor/Vector/Scalar and it introduces three different fields in space time to replace the one gravitational field.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Jacob_Bekenstein". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|