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Kelvin equation

Kelvin equation describes the change of vapour pressure over liquid curved with a radius r (for example, in a capillary or over a droplet). The Kelvin equation is used for determination of pore size distribution of a porous medium using adsorption porosimetry. $\ln {p\over p_0}= {2 \gamma V_m \over rRT}$
Where:
p - actual vapour pressure
p0 - saturated vapour pressure
γ - surface tension
Vm - molar volume
R - universal gas constant
r - radius of the droplet
T - temperature

Equilibrium vapor pressure depends on droplet size. If p0 < p, then liquid evaporates from the droplets.

If p0 >p , then the gas condenses onto the droplets… and they grow.

As r increases, p decreases and the droplets grow into bulk liquid.

If we now cool the vapour, then T decreases, but so does p0 . This means p/p0 increases as the liquid is cooled. We can treat γ and V as approximately fixed, which means that the critical radius r must also decrease. The further you supercool a vapour, the smaller the critical radius becomes. Ultimately it gets as small as a few molecules and the liquid undergoes homogeneous nucleation and growth.