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Lauric acid




Lauric acid
IUPAC name dodecanoic acid
Identifiers
CAS number 143-07-7
PubChem 3893
Properties
Molecular formula C12H24O2
Molar mass 200.31776
Density 0.880 g/cm³
Melting point

44-46 °C

Boiling point

225 °C at 100 mmHg

Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Lauric acid, or dodecanoic acid, is a saturated fatty acid with the structural formula CH3(CH2)10COOH . It is the main acid in coconut oil and in palm kernel oil, and is believed to have antimicrobial properties. It is also found in human milk(5.8% of total fat), cows milk(2.2%), and goat milk(4.5%). It is a white, powdery solid with a faint odor of bay oil or soap.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Uses

Lauric acid, although slightly irritating to mucous membranes, has a very low toxicity and so is used in many soaps and shampoos. Sodium lauryl sulfate is the most common lauric-acid derived compound used for this purpose. Because lauric acid has a non-polar hydrocarbon tail and a polar carboxylic acid head, it can interact with polar solvents (the most important being water) as well as fats, allowing water to dissolve fats. This accounts for the abilities of shampoos to remove grease from hair. Another use is to raise metabolism, believed to derive from lauric acid's activation of 20% of thyroidal hormones, otherwise which lay dormant.[citation needed] This is supposed from lauric acid's release of enzymes in the intestinal tract which activate the thyroid.[citation needed] This could account the metabolism-raising properties of coconut oil.

Because lauric acid is inexpensive, has a long shelf-life, and is non-toxic and safe to handle, it is often used in laboratory investigations of melting-point depression. Lauric acid is a solid at room temperature but melts easily in boiling water, so liquid lauric acid can be treated with various solutes and used to determine their molecular masses.

Reduction of lauric acid yields 1-dodecanol.

Physical data

Vapor density: 6.20
Vapor pressure: 1 mm at 121 C
Flash point: >113°C (>235°F)
Viscosity: 7.30 mPa-s at 323 K

Melting Point: 44°C

Stability

Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with bases, oxidizing agents, reducing agents. Although lauric acid will burn, it tends to melt and vaporize unless it is in contact with an oxidizing agent or has been heated extremely quickly.

Toxicology

Eye, skin and respiratory irritant.

Transport information

Non-hazardous for air, sea and road transport. May cause burns.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lauric_acid". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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