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Manganese(II) carbonate



Manganese(II) carbonate
IUPAC name Manganese(II) carbonate
Identifiers
CAS number 598-62-9
Properties
Molecular formula MnCO3
Molar mass 114.94 g/mol
Appearance pink
Density 3.125 g/cm3
Melting point

decomp. 200 °C

Solubility in water insol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Manganese carbonate is a compound with the chemical formula MnCO3. Manganese carbonate occurs naturally as the mineral rhodochrosite. Approximately 20M kg/y were produced in 2005.[1]

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Production and uses

Treatment of aqueous solutions of manganese(II) salts with alkali metal carbonates leads to precipitation of this faintly pink solid. The carbonate is insoluble in water but, like most carbonates, hydrolyses upon treatment with acids to give water-soluble salts.

Manganese carbonate decomposes with release of carbon dioxide at 200 °C to give manganese(II) oxide:

MnCO3 → MnO + CO2

This method is sometimes employed in the production of manganese dioxide for dry-cell batteries and for ferrites.[1]

Manganese carbonate is widely used as an additive to plant fertilizers to cure manganese deficient crops. It is also used in health foods, in ceramics as a glaze colorant and flux, and in concrete stains.[2]

Toxicity

Manganese is essential for aerobic life and its compounds are not highly toxic. Manganese poisoning, also known as manganism, may be caused by long-term exposure to manganese dust or fumes.

See also

  • Manganese deficiency (medicine)

References

  1. ^ a b Arno H. Reidies "Manganese Compounds" Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology 2007; John Wiley
  2. ^ "How To Stain Concrete with Manganese"
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Manganese(II)_carbonate". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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