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Meitnerium



109 hassiummeitneriumdarmstadtium
Ir

Mt

(Upe)
General
Name, Symbol, Number meitnerium, Mt, 109
Chemical series transition metals
Group, Period, Block 9, 7, d
Appearance unknown, probably silvery
white or metallic gray
Standard atomic weight (278)  g·mol−1
Electron configuration perhaps [Rn] 5f14 6d7 7s2
(guess based on iridium)
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 15, 2
Phase presumably a solid
CAS registry number 54038-01-6
Selected isotopes
Main article: Isotopes of meitnerium
iso NA half-life DM DE (MeV) DP
276Mt syn 0.72 s
References

Meitnerium (pronounced /maɪtˈnɝiəm/), also called eka-iridium, is a chemical element in the periodic table that has the symbol Mt and atomic number 109. It is a synthetic element whose most stable isotope is Mt-276 with a half-life of 720 milliseconds.

Additional recommended knowledge

History

Meitnerium was first synthesized on August 29, 1982 by a German research team led by Peter Armbruster and Gottfried Münzenberg at the Institute for Heavy Ion Research (Gesellschaft für Schwerionenforschung) in Darmstadt.
The team bombarded a target of bismuth-209 with accelerated nuclei of iron-58 and isotope meitnerium-266 was produced:

\, ^{209}_{83}\mathrm{Bi} + \, ^{58}_{26}\mathrm{Fe} \, \to\ \, ^{266}_{109}\mathrm{Mt} + \, ^{1}_{0}\mathrm{n}

The synthesis of this element demonstrated that nuclear fusion techniques could be used to make new, heavy nuclei.

The name meitnerium was suggested in honor of the Austrian physicist and mathematician Lise Meitner, but there was an element naming controversy as to what the elements from 101 to 109 were to be called; thus IUPAC adopted unnilennium (/ˌjuːnɪˈlɛniəm/, symbol Une) as a temporary, systematic element name. In 1997, however, the dispute was resolved and the current name was adopted.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Meitnerium". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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