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Noncovalent solid-phase organic synthesis



Noncovalent solid-phase organic synthesis or NC-SPOS is a form of Solid-phase synthesis where by the organic substrate is bonded to the solid phase not by a covalent bond but by other chemical interactions. This bond may consist of an induced dipole interaction between a hydrophobic matrix and a hydrophobic anchor. As long as the reaction medium is hydrophilic (polar) in nature the anchor will remain on the solid phase. Switching to a nonpolar solvent releases the organic substrate containing the anchor.

Additional recommended knowledge

In one experimental setup[1] the hydrophobic matrix is RP silica gel (C18) and the anchor is acridone. Acridone is N-alkylated and the terminal alkene group is converted into an aldehyde by ozonolysis. This compound is bonded to RP silica gel and this system is subjected to a tandem sequence of organic reactions. The first reaction is a Barbier reaction with propargylic bromide in water (green chemistry) and the second reaction is a Sonogashira coupling. Substrates may vary in these sequences and in this way a chemical library of new compounds can be realized.

The phosphorus ligand in the Sonogashira coupling with phenyliodine is the water soluble TPPTS ligand

References

  1. ^ Porzelle, Achim; Fessner, Wolf–Dieter (2005). "Reversible Substrate Anchoring: NC-SPOS as a Sustainable Approach to Solid-Supported Organic Synthesis". Angewandte Chemie International Edition 44 (30): 4724–4728. doi:10.1002/anie.200462278. Retrieved on 2006-09-26.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Noncovalent_solid-phase_organic_synthesis". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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