My watch list
my.chemeurope.com  
Login  

Norbornene



Norbornene[1]
IUPAC name Bicyclo[2.2.1]hept-2-ene
Other names Norbornylene
Norcamphene
Identifiers
CAS number 498-66-8
PubChem 10352
EINECS number 207-866-0
SMILES C\1=C\C2CC/1CC2
InChI InChI=1/C7H10/c1-2-7-4-3-6(1)5-7/h1-2,6-7H,3-5H2
Properties
Molecular formula C7H10
Molar mass 94.15 g mol-1
Appearance White solid
Melting point

42-46 °C (96 °C)

Hazards
NFPA 704
3
2
1
 
Flash point -15 °C
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Norbornene or norbornylene or norcamphene is a bridged cyclic hydrocarbon. It is a white solid with a pungent sour odor. The molecule consists of a cyclohexene ring bridged with a methylene group in the para position. The molecule carries a double bond which induces significant ring strain and significant reactivity.

Additional recommended knowledge

Norbornene, like many of its derivatives, is made by a Diels-Alder reaction of cyclopentadiene and ethylene.[2][3] Related bicyclics are norbornadiene which has the same carbon skeleton but with two double bonds and norbornane which is completely saturated without double bonds.

Norbornene undergoes an acid-catalyzed hydration reaction with water to form norborneol. This reaction is of great interest to chemists studying non-classical ions.

Polynorbornenes

Norbornenes are important monomers in ring-opening metathesis polymerizations (ROMP) with for instance the Grubbs' catalyst. Polynorbornenes are polymers with high glass transition temperatures and high optical clarity.


In addition to ROMP polymerization, norbornene monomers also undergo vinyl-addition polymerization.

Ethylidene norbornene is a related monomer derived from cyclopentadiene and butadiene.

Practical Uses

Norbornene does not have as many practical uses as ethylene or other commodity chemicals. It is utilized to make pharmaceutical intermediates, pesticide compounds, specialty fragrances and in general organic synthesis. When combined with ethylene, norbornene will react and turn into a cyclic olefin copolymer.

References

  1. ^ Norbornene MSDS
  2. ^ Paul Binger, Petra Wedemann, and Udo H. Brinker. "Cyclopropene: A New Simple Synthesis and its Diels-Alder Reaction with Cyclopentadiene". Org. Synth.; Coll. Vol. 10: 231. 
  3. ^ Masaji Oda, Takeshi Kawase, Tomoaki Okada, and Tetsuya Enomoto. "2-Cyclohexene-1,4-dione". Org. Synth.; Coll. Vol. 9: 186. 
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Norbornene". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE