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Palladium on carbon



Palladium on carbon, often referred to as Pd/C, is a form of palladium used for catalysis. It is usually used for catalytic hydrogenations in organic chemistry. When the metal is distributed over finely divided carbon the surface area is larger and the catalyst more reactive.

Palladium-on-carbon has recently been used as the paladium(0) catalyst in the Suzuki reaction, Stille reaction[1], and related reactions.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Preparation

Palladium on carbon is commercially available, with a CAS number of 7440-05-3. It can also be prepared in the laboratory. In a typical procedure, palladium(II) chloride and hydrochloric acid are added to nitric acid-washed activated carbon. This composite is then dried, and the palladium(II) is reduced to palladium(0) with hydrogen gas, and washed. The palladium loading is typically between 5% and 10%.[2]

Safety

Palladium on carbon is pyrophoric under certain conditions[citation needed].

References

  1. ^ Liebeskind, L. S.; Peña-Cabrera, E.Organic Syntheses, Coll. Vol. 10, p.9 (2004); Vol. 77, p.135 (2000). (Article)
  2. ^ Ralph Mozingo (1955). "Palladium Catalysts". Org. Synth.; Coll. Vol. 3: 685. 

See also

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Palladium_on_carbon". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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