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A Lindlar catalyst is a heterogeneous catalyst that consists of palladium deposited on calcium carbonate and treated with various forms of lead. The lead additive serves to deactivate the palladium sites. A variety of "catalyst poisons" have been used including lead acetate and lead oxide. The palladium content of the catalyst is usually 5% by weight. The catalyst is used for the hydrogenation of alkynes to alkenes.
Additional recommended knowledge
As described by its inventor, the catalyst is prepared by reduction of palladium chloride in a slurry of calcium carbonate followed by adding lead acetate. By this approach, one obtains a catalyst with a large surface area. Further deactivation of the catalyst with quinoline enhances its selectivity, preventing formation of alkanes. An example of alkyne reduction is the reduction of phenylacetylene to styrene.
Alkyne reduction is stereoselective, occurring via syn addition to give the cis-alkene. The commercial organic synthesis of vitamin A also involves an alkyne reduction with the Lindlar catalyst.
Other heterogeneous catalysts useful for hydrogenation are Adam's Catalyst, Palladium Black, and Raney nickel.
Categories: Catalysts | Palladium compounds
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lindlar_catalyst". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|