My watch list
my.chemeurope.com  
Login  

Potassium bitartrate



Potassium bitartrate
Other names potassium hydrogen tartrate
cream of tartar
potassium acid tartrate
monopotassium tartrate
Identifiers
CAS number 868-14-4
Properties
Molecular formula KC4H5O6
Molar mass 188.177
Appearance white crystalline powder
Density 1.05 g/cm3 (solid)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Potassium bitartrate also potassium hydrogen tartrate has formula KC4H5O6. It is a byproduct of winemaking. It is also known as cream of tartar. It is the potassium acid salt of tartaric acid.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Occurrence

Potassium bitartrate crystallises in wine casks during the fermentation of grape juice. In wines bottled before they are fully ripe, argol can precipitate on the side of the bottle in a sort of crust, thus forming what is called "crusted wine".

This crude form (known as beeswing) is collected and purified to produce the white, odorless, acidic powder used for many culinary and other household purposes.

Applications

In food

In food, potassium bitartrate is used for:

  • Stabilizing egg whites, increasing their heat tolerance and volume;
  • Preventing sugar syrups from crystallising;
  • Reducing discolouration of boiled vegetables;
  • Frequent combination with baking soda (which needs an acid ingredient to activate it) in formulations of baking powder.
  • Commonly used in combination with potassium chloride in sodium-free salt substitutes

A similar acid salt, sodium acid pyrophosphate, is confused with cream of tartar due to their similar function in baking powder.

Chemistry

Potassium acid tartrate, also known as potassium hydrogen tartrate, is also used as a primary reference standard for a pH buffer, according to NIST. Using an excess of salt in water, a saturated solution is created with a pH of 3.557 at 25°C. Upon dissolution in water, potassium bitartrate will dissociate into acid tartrate, potassium cation, and the tartarate dianion. Thus, a saturated solution creates a buffer with standard pH. Before use as a standard, it is recommended that the solution be filtered or decanted between 22° and 28°C.[1]

Folk Remedy

Cream of Tartar mixed with orange juice is a folk remedy for smoking cessation, the purpose being to replace the potassium that smoking depletes. [1]

See also

References

  • This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 edition of The Grocer's Encyclopedia.
  1. ^ Harris, Daniel C. Quantitative Chemical Analysis. Sixth Edition, W.H. Freeman and Company, New York, 2003.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Potassium_bitartrate". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE