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Salix purpurea



Salix purpurea

Catkins
Conservation status
Secure
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Salicaceae
Genus: Salix
Species: S. purpurea
Binomial name
Salix purpurea
L.

Salix purpurea (Purple Willow or Purple Osier) is a species of willow native to most of Europe and western Asia north to the British Isles, Poland, and the Baltic States.[1][2][3]

Additional recommended knowledge

  It is a deciduous shrub growing to 1-3 m (rarely to 5 m) tall, with purple-brown to yellow-brown shoots, turning pale grey on old stems. The leaves are 2-8 cm (rarely to 12 cm) long and 0.3-1 cm (rarely 2 cm) wide; they are dark green above, glaucous green below, and unusually for a willow, are often arranged in opposite pairs rather than alternate. The flowers are small catkins 1.5-4.5 cm long, produced in early spring; they are often purple or red in colour, whence the name of the species (other willows mostly have whitish, yellow or green catkins).[2][3]

It is replaced further east in Asia by the closely related species Salix sinopurpurea (syn. S. purpurea var. longipetiolatea).[4]

As with several other willows, the shoots, called withies, are often used in basketry.[3]

References

  1. ^ Flora Europaea: Salix purpurea
  2. ^ a b Meikle, R. D. (1984). Willows and Poplars of Great Britain and Ireland. BSBI Handbook No. 4. ISBN 0-901158-07-0.
  3. ^ a b c Rushforth, K. (1999). Trees of Britain and Europe. Collins ISBN 0-00-220013-9.
  4. ^ Flora of China: Salix sinopurpurea
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Salix_purpurea". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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