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Flowers of S. alpina
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Scutellaria

See text.

Scutellaria is a genus of about 300 species of plants commonly known as skullcaps. The genus is widespread in temperate regions and on tropical mountains.

Most are annual or perennial herbaceous plants from 5 cm to 1 m tall, but a few are subshrubs; some are aquatic. They have four-angled stems and opposite leaves. The flowers have upper and lower lips. The genus is most easily recognized by the typical shield on the calyx that has also prompted its common name.

Selected species
  • Scutellaria albida
  • Scutellaria alborosea
  • Scutellaria alpina - Alpine Skullcap
  • Scutellaria altissima
  • Scutellaria angustifolia
  • Scutellaria atriplicifolia
  • Scutellaria aurata
  • Scutellaria baicalensis - Chinese Skullcap
  • Scutellaria barbata
  • Scutellaria brittonii
  • Scutellaria californica
  • Scutellaria columnae
  • Scutellaria costaricana
  • Scutellaria formosana
  • Scutellaria galericulata - Common Skullcap
  • Scutellaria hastifolia - Spear-leaved Skullcap
  • Scutellaria hirta
  • Scutellaria incana
  • Scutellaria incarnata
  • Scutellaria indica
  • Scutellaria integrifolia
  • Scutellaria lateriflora
  • Scutellaria longifolia
  • Scutellaria minor - Lesser Skullcap
  • Scutellaria montana
  • Scutellaria orientalis
  • Scutellaria parvula
  • Scutellaria purpurascens
  • Scutellaria resinosa
  • Scutellaria rubicunda
  • Scutellaria scordiifolia
  • Scutellaria splendens
  • Scutellaria tuberosa
  • Scutellaria ventenatii
  • Scutellaria violacea
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Scutellaria". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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