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Sergey Reformatsky



Sergey Nikolaevich Reformatsky
BornApril 1, 1860
Borisoglebskoe, near Ivanovo, Russia
DiedJuly 28 1934 (aged 74)
ResidenceRussia, Germany
Nationalityrussian
FieldChemist
InstitutionsUniversity of Kiev
Alma materUniversity of Warsaw
Academic advisor  Alexander Mikhailovich Zaitsev,
Wilhelm Ostwald
Known forReformatskii reaction

Sergey Nikolaevich Reformatsky (April 1, 1860 – July 28, 1934) was a russian chemist.

Additional recommended knowledge

Life

He was born as a son of a preacher in Borisoglebskoe, near Ivanovo. He studied at the University of Kazan under Alexander Mikhailovich Zaitsev until 1882. He went to Germany for further studies. He joined Victor Meyer at the University of Heidelberg and Wilhelm Ostwald at the University of Leipzig and finally getting his Ph.D in 1891. The following year he was appointed professor at the University of Kiev where he stayed the rest of his life.

Work

In 1887 discovered the Reformatskii reaction, during which a zinc organic compound is the key component. The use of zinc in organic reactions was common at that time, but it was subsequently replaced by the more convenient magnesium. This was not possible for the reaction of α-chloro acids with ketones, because the magnesium based Grignard reagents are more reactive and lead to other products. This made the Reformatskii reaction a convenient way for the synthesis of β-hydroxy acids which were difficult to obtain with other methods.

References

(1935) "Sergeius Reformatsky". Berichte der Chemischen Gesellschaft A (5): 61.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Sergey_Reformatsky". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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