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Sextuple bond

  A sextuple bond is a type of covalent bond involving 12 bonding electrons. The only known molecules with true sextuple bonds (order 6) are diatomic Mo2 and W2, in the gaseous phase at very low temperatures. Although diatomic Cr2 and U2 have formal structures with twelve-electron bonds, their effective bond orders (derived from quantum chemistry calculations) are less than 5 (quintuple bond). There is strong evidence to believe that no two elements in the periodic table can form a bond with greater order than 6.[1]

Mo2 can be observed in the gas phase at low temperatures (7K) by a laser evaporation technique using molybdenum sheet with for instance near infrared spectroscopy or UV spectroscopy.[2] Like dichromium, a singlet state is expected from dimolybdenum.[3] Higher bond order is reflected in shorter bond length of 1.94 Å.


  1. ^ Roos, Björn O.; Antonio C. Borin, and Laura Gagliardi (January 2007). "Reaching the Maximum Multiplicity of the Covalent Chemical Bond". Angewandte Chemie International Edition. doi:10.1002/anie.200603600.
  2. ^ On the dimers of the VIB group: a new NIR electronic state of Mo2 D. Kraus, M. Lorenz and V. E. Bondybey PhysChemComm, 2001, 4, 44 - 48, doi:10.1039/b104063b
  3. ^ The Many Ways To Have a Quintuple Bond Gabriel Merino, Kelling J. Donald, Jason S. D’Acchioli, and Roald Hoffmann J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007 ASAP Article doi:10.1021/ja075454b
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Sextuple_bond". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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