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Additional recommended knowledge
Tellurium hexafluoride is most commonly prepared by passing fluorine gas over tellurium metal at 150 °C. Below this temperature a mixture of lower fluorides form, including tellurium tetrafluoride and ditellurium decafluoride. It can also be prepared by passing fluorine gas over TeO3 or indirectly by reacting TeO2 with SeF4 to produce TeF4 and then heating TeF4 in excess of 200 °C to make TeF6 and Te.
Tellurium hexafluoride is a highly symmetric octahedral molecule. Its physical properties resemble the sulfur and selenium analogs. It is less volatile, however, due to the increase in molecular weight. At temperatures below -38 °C, tellurium hexafluoride condenses to a volatile white solid.
Unlike the sulfur analog, tellurium hexafluoride is not chemically inert. This can be attributed to the greater availability of the d orbitals and perhaps the availability of the f orbitals which neither sulfur or selenium have access to. TeF6 is hydrolyzed in water to H6TeO6 and reacts with Te below 200 °C.
People exposed to tellurium compounds exhibit "tellurium breath", which has a garlic-like odour. This garlic odour is also present in sweat and urine. Other symptoms of tellurium exposure include headache, dyspnea, weakness, bluish-black markings on fingers, neck, face and gums, metallic taste in the mouth and skin rash. Death may occur from pulmonary edema. People exposed to tellurium compounds should be removed from the area and seek medical attention.
Reasons for "Tellurium-Breath"
The garlic odour that is associated with human intake of tellurium compounds is caused from the tellurium being metabolized by the body. When the body metabolizes tellurium in any oxidation state, the tellurium gets converted into dimethyl telluride. Dimethyl telluride is volatile and produces the garlic-like smell.
Tellurium hexafluoride is not a very common chemical and can be found at only a few select suppilers (see below). It costs approximately 2000 USD for 50 grams.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Tellurium_hexafluoride". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|