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Terephthaloyl chloride

Terephthaloyl chloride
IUPAC name Terephthaloyl dichloride
Other names 1,4-Benzenedicarbonyl chloride, Benzene-1,4-dicarbonyl chloride, Terephthalic acid dichloride, Terephthaloyl dichloride, p-Phthalyl chloride, TCL
CAS number 100-20-9
Molecular formula C8H4Cl2O2
Molar mass 203.02 g/mol
Density 1.34 g/cm3
Melting point

81.5-83 °C

Boiling point

265 °C

Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Terephthaloyl chloride (TCL, 1,4-benzenedicarbonyl chloride) is the acid chloride of terephthalic acid and is one of two monomers used to make Kevlar, the other being p-phenylenediamine, which is also used in some hair sprays. Its CAS reference number is 100-20-9 and its chemical formula is C8H4Cl2O2.

TCL is used as a key component in performance polymers and aramid fibers, where it imparts flame resistance, chemical resistance, temperature stability, light weight, and very high strength. TCL is also an effective water scavenger, used to stabilize isocyanates and urethane prepolymers.

TCL is a clear, water-white liquid above its freezing point and a white crystalline solid at room temperature, soluble in organic solvents. Its melting point is 81.5-83 °C, its boiling point is 265 °C. It is corrosive.

TCL is used for making various copolymers and aramid polymers such as Twaron and kevlar:

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Terephthaloyl_chloride". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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