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Tetrazene



Not to be confused with tetrazine or tetracene.


Tetrazene

1(5-tetrazolyl)-4-guanyl tetrazene hydrate
IUPAC name
Chemical formula C2H6N10·H2O
Molar mass 188.15 g/mol
Shock sensitivity High
Friction sensitivity High
Density 0.45 g/cm3
Explosive velocity ~4000 m/s
RE factor  ?
Melting point Decomposes at 160 °C
Autoignition temperature N/A
Appearance pale yellow/colorless crystal plates
CAS number 31330-63-9
PubChem 3035399
SMILES N=C(N)N(N)/N=N/C1=NNN=N1

  Tetrazene is the hypothetical chemical compound N4H4.


Additional recommended knowledge

The name tetrazene is used in the nomenclature of formal derivatives of this hypothetical compound. One such derivative is 1(5-tetrazolyl)-4-guanyl tetrazene hydrate. Because it is the most important tetrazene, it is commonly known as simply tetrazene. It is an explosive material, used for sensitization of the priming compositions. It is slightly more impact-sensitive than mercury fulminate. When pressed enough, its sensitivity is reduced or destroyed; it also decomposes in boiling water. In contact with fire it readily explodes, producing large amount of black smoke. It is prepared by reacting sodium nitrite with an aminoguanidine salt dissolved in acetic acid at 30–40 °C.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Tetrazene". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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