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Timeline of materials technology

Timeline of materials technology


Before Common Era

  • 29,000–25,000 BCE - First ceramic appears
  • 3rd millennium BCE - Copper metallurgy is invented and copper is used for ornamentation
  • 2nd millennium BCE - Bronze is used for weapons and armour
  • 1st millennium BCE - Pewter beginning to be used in China and Egypt
  • 16th century BCE - The Hittites develop crude iron metallurgy
  • 13th century BCE - Invention of steel when iron and charcoal are combined properly
  • 10th century BCE - Glass production begins in Greece and Syria
  • 50s BCE - Glassblowing techniques flourish in Phoenicia
  • 20s BCE - Roman architect Vitruvius describes low-water-content method for mixing concrete

1st millennium

  • 200s - Steel making widely used in Han Dynasty China
  • 700s - Porcelain is invented in Tang Dynasty China

2nd millennium

  • 1448 - Johann Gutenberg develops type metal alloy
  • 1450s - Cristallo, a clear soda-based glass is invented by Angelo Barovier
  • 1540 - Vannoccio Biringuccio publishes first systematic book on metallurgy
  • 1556 - Georg Agricola's influential book on metallurgy
  • 1590 - Glass lenses are developed in the Netherlands and used for the first time in microscopes and telescopes

18th century

  • 1738 - William Champion patents a process for the production of metallic zinc by distillation from calamine and charcoal
  • 1740 - Benjamin Huntsman developed the crucible steel technique
  • 1779 - Bry Higgins issued a patent for hydraulic cement (stucco) for use as an exterior plaster
  • 1799 - Alessandro Volta makes a copper/zinc acid battery

19th century

20th century

3rd millennium

21st century

See also

  • List of inventions
  • List of inventions named after people
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Timeline_of_materials_technology". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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