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Vinyl fluoride

Vinyl fluoride
IUPAC name Fluoroethene
Other names Vinylfluoride, Fluoroethylene, Monofluoroethylene, Vinyl fluoride monomer, VF, R 1141, UN 1860 (inhibited)
CAS number 75-02-5
PubChem 6339
EINECS number 200-832-6
RTECS number YZ7351000
InChI InChI=1/C2H3F/c1-2-3/h2H,1H2
Molecular formula C2H3F
Molar mass 46.05 g/mol
Appearance Colorless gas with a faint, ethereal odor
Density 2 g/cm3 (gas)

0.91 g/cm3 (liquid)

Melting point

-160.5 °C (-257 °F)

Boiling point

-72.2 °C (98 °F)

Solubility in water Slightly soluble
Vapor pressure 25 500 hPa
EU classification Extremely flammable (F+)
NFPA 704
R-phrases R12
S-phrases S9, S16, S33
385 °C
Explosive limits 2.6 - 21.7 %
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Vinyl fluoride is an organic halide with the chemical formula C2H3F. It is a colorless gas with a faint etherlike odor.

Its critical point is at 54.8 °C (328 K) and 5.24 MPa. Dipole moment is 1.4 Debye and heat of vaporization is 361 kJ/kg.

It was first prepared in 1901 by Frédéric Swarts (the Belgian chemist who was the first to prepare CFCs in 1892) using the reaction of zinc with 1,1-difluoro-2-bromoethane. Now it is synthesized by the reaction of acetylene and hydrogen fluoride.

Its principal use is as the primary component in making polyvinyl fluoride, a polymer of the basic vinyl fluoride monomer.

Vinyl fluoride is classified as an IARC Group 2A carcinogen (likely to cause cancer in humans).

See also

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Vinyl_fluoride". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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