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Voltage-gated proton channels
Voltage-gated proton channels are ion channels that have the unique property of opening with depolarization, but in a strongly pH-sensitive manner. The result is that these channels open only when the electrochemical gradient is outward, such that their opening will only allow protons to leave cells. Their function thus appears to be acid extrusion from cells.
Additional recommended knowledge
Another important function occurs in phagocytes (e.g. eosinophils, neutrophils, macrophages) during the respiratory burst. When bacteria or other microbes are engulfed by phagocytes, the enzyme NADPH oxidase assembles in the membrane and begins to produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) that help kill bacteria. NADPH oxidase is electrogenic, moving electrons across the membrane, and proton channels open to allow proton flux to balance the electron movement electrically.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Voltage-gated_proton_channels". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|