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Octreotide (brand name Sandostatin, Novartis Pharmaceuticals) is an octapeptide that mimics natural somatostatin pharmacologically, though it is a more potent inhibitor of growth hormone, glucagon, and insulin than the natural hormone. It was first synthesized in 1979 by the chemist Wilfried Bauer.
Somatostatin has numerous physiological effects:
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the usage of a salt form of this peptide, octreotide acetate, as an injectable depot formulation for the treatment of acromegaly, the treatment of diarrhea and flushing episodes associated with carcinoid syndrome, and treatment of diarrhea in patients with vasoactive intestinal peptide-secreting tumors (VIPomas).
Octreotide has also been used off-label for the treatment of severe, refractory diarrhea from other causes. It is used in toxicology for the treatment of prolonged recurrent hypoglycemia after sulfonylurea overdose.
Octreotide has also been used with varying degrees of success in infants with nesidioblastosis to help decrease insulin hypersecretion.
In patients with suspected esophageal varices, octreotide can be given to help decrease bleeding.
Octreotide has been investigated for patients with pain from chronic pancreatitis.
Octreotide may be useful in the treatment of thymic neoplasms.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Octreotide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|