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Triethanolamine



Triethanolamine
IUPAC name 2,2',2"-Nitrilotriethanol
Other names Tris(2-hydroxyethyl)amine, 2,2',2"-Trihydroxy-triethylamine, Triethylolamine, Trolamine, TEA
Identifiers
CAS number 102-71-6
PubChem 7618
EINECS number 203-049-8
KEGG C06771
ChEBI 28621
RTECS number KL9275000
SMILES OCC[N](CCO)CCO
InChI InChI=1/C6H15NO3/c8-4-1-7(2-5-9)3-6-10/h8-10H,1-6H2
Properties
Molecular formula C6H15NO3
Molar mass 149.188 g/mol
Appearance Pale yellow liquid, hygroscopic
Density 1.126 g/cm3
Melting point

20.5°C (293.65 K)

Boiling point

208 °C (20 hPa)
335.4°C (608.55 K)

Solubility in water Miscible
Hazards
Main hazards Irritant
NFPA 704
1
2
0
 
R-phrases R36, R37, R38
S-phrases S26, S36
Flash point 179 °C
Autoignition
temperature
325 °C
Explosive limits 3.6 - 7.2 %
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Triethanolamine, often abbreviated as TEA, is an organic chemical compound which is both a tertiary amine and a tri-alcohol. A tri-alcohol is a molecule with three hydroxyl groups. Like other amines, triethanolamine acts as a weak base due to the lone pair of electrons on the nitrogen atom.

Additional recommended knowledge

This ingredient is used as a pH balancer in cosmetic preparations in a variety of different products - ranging from skin lotion, eye gels, moisturizers, shampoos, shaving foams etc.

As with any amines, it may have the potential to create nitrosamines, but with the low concentrations used in cosmetic products the chances of that happening is very slim and it is further theorized that nitrosamines cannot penetrate the skin.[citation needed]

It is listed under Schedule 3, part B of the Chemical Weapons Convention as it can be used in the manufacture nitrogen mustards.

See also

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Triethanolamine". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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