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2-Chloroethanol



2-Chloroethanol
IUPAC name 2-Chloroethanol
Other names 2-Chloroethyl alcohol
Ethylene chlorohydrin
Glycol chlorohydrin
Identifiers
CAS number 107-07-3
SMILES OCCCl
Properties
Molecular formula C2H5ClO
Molar mass 80.52 g/mol
Density 1.197 g/cm³
Melting point

-67 °C

Boiling point

128-130 °C

Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

2-Chloroethanol is a colorless liquid similar to glycerine with faint, sweet pleasant ether-like odor. It is miscible with water.

Additional recommended knowledge

It is also known as 2-chloro-1-ethanol, 2-monochloroethanol, 2-hydroxyethyl chloride, β-chloroethanol, β-hydroxyethyl chloride, chloroethanol, δ-chloroethanol, ethylchlorhydrin, ethylene chlorohydrin, glycol chlorohydrin, and glycol monochlorohydrin.

2-Chloroethanol is very toxic and exposure to it may be fatal. It is absorbed through skin. Exposure can damage the central nervous system, cardiovascular system, kidneys and liver. It is very irritating to eyes and lungs. In fire, it decomposes to hydrogen chloride and phosgene. It is a fire and explosion hazard.

2-Chloroethanol is synthetized from ethylene and hypochlorous acid.

2-Chloroethanol is primarily used for synthesis of ethylene oxide and a number of synthetic reactions for preparation of dyes, pharmaceuticals, biocides and plasticizers. It is also used for manufacture of thiodiglycol. It is a solvent for cellulose acetate and ethyl cellulose, textile printing dyes, in dewaxing, refining of rosin, extraction of pine lignin, cleaning of machines, and other uses.

The trade with 2-chloroethanol is relatively low-volume, as it is easier to make it as needed than to buy and store it.

References

     
    This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "2-Chloroethanol". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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