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Chromium(III) picolinate



Chromium(III) picolinate
IUPAC name Chromium(III) picolinate
Identifiers
CAS number 14639-25-9
Properties
Molecular formula Cr(C6H4NO2)3
Molar mass 418.33 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Chromium picolinate is the chemical compound that is sold as a nutritional supplement to prevent or treat chromium deficiency. This bright-red coordination complex is derived from chromium(III) and picolinic acid. Small quantities of chromium are needed for glucose utilization by insulin in normal health, but deficiency is extremely rare in developed nations.

Additional recommended knowledge

Health claims and debates

Some commercial organizations promote chromium picolinate as an aid to body development for athletes and as a means of losing weight. But a number of studies have failed to demonstrate an effect of chromium picolinate on either muscle growth or fat loss[1].

Claims have supported the benefit of the picolinate form of chromium supplementation in reducing insulin resistance, particularly in diabetics. A meta-analysis of chromium supplementation studies showed no association between chromium and glucose or insulin concentrations for non-diabetics, and inconclusive results for diabetics.[2] But this study has been challenged on grounds that it excluded significant results.[3]

There is concern that chromium picolinate is more likely to cause DNA damage and mutation than other forms of trivalent chromium.[4], but these results are also debated. Other studies indicate that chromium picolinate is safe even at very high doses.[5]

References

  1. ^ Vincent J.B. (2003). "The potential value and toxicity of chromium picolinate as a nutritional supplement, weight loss agent and muscle development agent". SPORTS MEDICINE 33 (3): 213-230. PMID 12656641.
  2. ^ Althuis MD, Jordan NE, Ludington EA, Wittes JT (2002). "Glucose and insulin responses to dietary chromium supplements: a meta-analysis". AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION 76 (1): 148-155. PMID 12081828.
  3. ^ Kalman DS (2003). "Chromium picolinate and type 2 diabetes". AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION 78 (1): 192. PMID 12816793.
  4. ^ Chaudhary S, Pinkston J, Rabile MM, Van Horn JD (2005). "Unusual reactivity in a commercial chromium supplement compared to baseline DNA cleavage with synthetic chromium complexes". JOURNAL OF INORGANIC BIOCHEMISTRY 99 (3): 787-794. PMID 15708800.
  5. ^ Anderson R, Cheng N, Bryden N, et al (1997). "Elevated intakes of supplemental chromium improve glucose and insulin variables in individuals with type 2 diabetes". DIABETES 46 (11): 1786-1791.
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Chromium(III)_picolinate". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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