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Cycloheptatriene



Cycloheptatriene
Other names CHT, 1,3,5-cycloheptatriene
Identifiers
CAS number 544-25-2
SMILES C1C=CC=CC=C1
Properties
Molecular formula C7H8
Melting point

-80 °C

Boiling point

116 °C

Solubility in water Insoluble in water
Hazards
R-phrases R10 R11 R21 R23/24/25 R36/37/38
S-phrases S9 S16 S23 S28A S33 S36/37 S45
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Cycloheptatriene or CHT is a colourless liquid that has been of recurring theoretical interest in organic chemistry. It is widely used as a ligand in organometallic chemistry and as a building block in organic synthesis.

Additional recommended knowledge

Cycloheptatriene is not aromatic, and the ring is not planar, due to the presence of the -CH2- group. Removal of a hydride ion from the methylene group gives the planar and aromatic cycloheptatriene cation, also called the tropylium ion. A practical route to this cation employs PCl5 as the oxidant.[1]

Although Albert Ladenburg discovered cycloheptatriene in 1881 by the decomposition of tropine,[2][3] the structure was finally proven by the synthesis of Richard Willstätter in 1901. This synthesis started from cycloheptanone and proved therefore the seven membered ring structure of the compound.[4]

Cycloheptatriene can be obtained in the laboratory by photochemical reaction of benzene with diazomethane or the pyrolysis of the adduct of cyclohexene and dichlorocarbene.[5]

Another classic reaction for (a cycloheptatriene derivative) called the Buchner ring enlargement starts from reaction of benzene with ethyl diazoacetate to the corresponding norcaradiene carboxylic acid which at high temperatures rearranges with ring expansion to the cycloheptatriene carboxylic acid ethyl ester [6] [7].

Cyclooctatetraene and cycloheptatriene are used as a triplet quencher for rhodamine 6G dye lasers.[8][9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Conrow, K. (1973). "Tropylium Fluoroborate". Organic Syntheses, Collected Volume 5,: 1138.
  2. ^ A. Ladenburg (1883). "Die Constitution des Atropins". Justus Liebig's Annalen der Chemie 217 (1): 74-149. doi:10.1002/jlac.18832170107.
  3. ^ A. Ladenburg (1881). "Die Zerlegung des Tropines". Berichte der Deutschen chemischen Gesselschaft 14: 2126-2131.
  4. ^ R. Willstätter (1901). "Synthesen in der Tropingruppe. I. Synthese des Tropilidens". Justus Liebig's Annalen der Chemie 317 (2): 204 - 265. doi:10.1002/jlac.19013170206.
  5. ^ H.E. Winberg (1959). "Synthesis of Cycloheptatriene". Journal of Organic Chemistry 24 (2): 264 - 265. doi:10.1021/jo01084a635.
  6. ^ Buchner, et ul., Ber., 18, 2377 (1885);
  7. ^ For a variation: Studies on the Polymethylbenzenes. IX. Addition of Ethyl Diazoacetate to Durene Lee Irvin Smith, Pliny O. Tawney J. Am. Chem. Soc.; 1934; 56(10); 2167-2169. doi:10.1021/ja01325a054
  8. ^ Tomi Nath Das, K. lndira Priyadarsini (1994). "Triplet of Cyclooctatetraene : Reactivity and Properties". Journal of Chemical Society Faraday Transaction 90 (7): 963-968.
  9. ^ R. Pappalardo, H. Samelson, and A. Lempicki (1970). "Long Pulse Laser Emission From Rhodamine 6G Using Cyclooctatetre". Applied Physics Letters 16 (7): 267-269. doi:10.1063/1.1653190.

External links

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cycloheptatriene". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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