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Cycloheptatriene or CHT is a colourless liquid that has been of recurring theoretical interest in organic chemistry. It is widely used as a ligand in organometallic chemistry and as a building block in organic synthesis.
Additional recommended knowledge
Cycloheptatriene is not aromatic, and the ring is not planar, due to the presence of the -CH2- group. Removal of a hydride ion from the methylene group gives the planar and aromatic cycloheptatriene cation, also called the tropylium ion. A practical route to this cation employs PCl5 as the oxidant.
Although Albert Ladenburg discovered cycloheptatriene in 1881 by the decomposition of tropine, the structure was finally proven by the synthesis of Richard Willstätter in 1901. This synthesis started from cycloheptanone and proved therefore the seven membered ring structure of the compound.
Cycloheptatriene can be obtained in the laboratory by photochemical reaction of benzene with diazomethane or the pyrolysis of the adduct of cyclohexene and dichlorocarbene.
Another classic reaction for (a cycloheptatriene derivative) called the Buchner ring enlargement starts from reaction of benzene with ethyl diazoacetate to the corresponding norcaradiene carboxylic acid which at high temperatures rearranges with ring expansion to the cycloheptatriene carboxylic acid ethyl ester  .
Cyclooctatetraene and cycloheptatriene are used as a triplet quencher for rhodamine 6G dye lasers.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Cycloheptatriene". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|