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Dimethyl sulfoxide (data page)



This page provides supplementary chemical data on dimethyl sulfoxide.

Additional recommended knowledge

Contents

Material Safety Data Sheet

The handling of this chemical may incur notable safety precautions. It is highly recommend that you seek the Material Safety Datasheet (MSDS) for this chemical from a reliable source such as SIRI, and follow its directions. MSDS is available at Mallinckrodt Baker.

Structure and properties

Structure and properties
Index of refraction[1], nD 1.4795 at 20°C
1.4787 at 21°C
Abbe number ?
Dielectric constant,[2] εr 48 ε0 at 20 °C
Bond strength  ?
Bond length  ?
Bond angle  ?
Magnetic susceptibility  ?
Surface tension[2] 43 dyn/cm at 20°C
Viscosity 2.14 mPa·s[2] at 20°C
1.1 mP·s[1] at 27°C

Thermodynamic properties

Phase behavior
Triple point 291.67 K (18.52 °C), ? Pa
Critical point[2] 720 K (447 °C), 5630 kPa
Std enthalpy change
of fusion
, ΔfusHo
14.37 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of fusion, ΔfusSo
49.26 J/(mol·K)
Std enthalpy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapHo
52.9 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of vaporization, ΔvapSo
 ? J/(mol·K)
Solid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHosolid
 ? kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sosolid
 ? J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp  ? J/(mol K)
Liquid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHoliquid
–203.4 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Soliquid
188.78 J/(mol K)
Enthalpy of combustion, ΔcHo –2037.3 kJ/mol
Heat capacity, cp 153 J/(mol K) at 25°C
Gas properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHogas
–150.5 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sogas
 ? J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp  ? J/(mol K)

Vapor pressure of liquid

vapor pressure at 20°C = 0.0556 mbar = 0.0417 mmHg[2]

 

Distillation data

Vapor-liquid Equilibrium
for Dimethyl Sulfoxide/Water
[4]
P = 550 mm Hg
BP
Temp.
°C
% by mole water
liquid vapor
168.4 6.5 34.6
160.9 10.8 51.8
153.1 16.4 62.7
146.4 21.2 71.0
140.6 26.7 78.4
135.1 32.1 83.9
130.8 37.4 87.6
124.3 44.8 91.7
121.0 48.5 93.5
114.9 55.4 96.0
107.8 66.4 98.0
102.1 74.4 98.9
97.2 84.0 99.6
96.3 85.7 99.6
93.9 91.9 99.8
   
Vapor-liquid Equilibrium
for Dimethyl Sulfoxide/Ethanol
[4]
P = 14.665 kPa
BP
Temp.
°C
% by mole DMSO
liquid vapor
55.80 48.75 1.0
64.50 59.75 1.6
66.75 64.00 2.5
70.80 71.00 3.6
76.50 76.25 5.0
81.50 80.50 6.0
91.50 85.00 13.0
100.74 90.00 21.0

Spectral data

UV-Vis
λmax  ? nm
Extinction coefficient, ε  ?
IR
Sectrum NIST
Major absorption bands 3000, 2900, 1200-1240, 1000-1080, 960, 690 cm−1
NMR
Proton NMR  
Carbon-13 NMR  
Other NMR data  
MS
Masses of
main fragments
 

References

  1. ^ a b Merck Index of Chemicals and Drugs, 9th ed. monograph 3249
  2. ^ a b c d e Dimethyl Sulfoxide (DMSO) -- Technical. Atofina Chemicals, inc. Retrieved on 26 May 2007.
  3. ^ Pure Component Properties (Queriable database). Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved on 26 May 2007.
  4. ^ a b Binary Vapor-Liquid Equilibrium Data (Queriable database). Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved on 26 May 2007.
  • NIST Standard Reference Database].

Except where noted otherwise, data relate to standard ambient temperature and pressure.

Disclaimer applies.

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Dimethyl_sulfoxide_(data_page)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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