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EGTA (chemical)

EGTA (chemical)
IUPAC name glycol-bis(2-aminoethylether)-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid
CAS number 67-42-5
Molecular formula C14H24N2O10
Molar mass 380.35 g/mol
Melting point

241 °C, 514 K, 466 °F

Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

EGTA is the chemical compound ethylene glycol tetraacetic acid, a chelating agent that is related to the better known EDTA, but with a much higher affinity for calcium than for magnesium ions. It is useful for making buffer solutions that resemble the environment inside living cells, where calcium ions are usually at least a thousandfold less concentrated than magnesium.

The pKa for binding of calcium ions by tetrabasic EGTA is 11.00, but the protonated forms do not significantly contribute to binding, so at pH 7, the apparent pKa becomes 6.91. See Qin et al. for an example of a pKa calculation.[1]

EGTA has also been used experimentally for the treatment of animals with cerium poisoning and for the separation of thorium from the mineral monazite. EGTA is used as a compound in elution buffer in the protein purification technique known as Tandem Affinity Purification (TAP), in which recombinant fusion proteins are bound to calmodulin beads and eluted out by adding EGTA.

See also


  1. ^ (March 1999) "Ca2+-induced inhibition of the cardiac Ca2+ channel depends on calmodulin". PNAS 96 (5): 2435-2438. Retrieved on 2007-10-22.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "EGTA_(chemical)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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