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The Fresnel number F, named after the physicist Augustin-Jean Fresnel, is a dimensionless number occurring in optics, in particular in diffraction theory.
Additional recommended knowledge
For an electromagnetic wave passing through an aperture and hitting a screen, the Fresnel number F is defined as
where λ is wavelength, a is the characteristic size (e.g. radius) of the aperture, and L is the distance of the screen from the aperture.
Depending on the value of F the diffraction theory can be simplified into two special cases:
Values in between require a more detailed analysis based on the scalar diffraction theory.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Fresnel_number". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|